marine biology.






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marine biology – further reading






whaling

Butman, C.A.; Carlton, J.T. & Palumbi, S.R. (1995): Whaling effects on deep-sea biodiversity. – Conservation Biology, 9: 462–464.

Cherfas, J. (1988): The Hunting of the Whale: A tragedy that must end. – The Bodley Head, 239 pp.; London.

Coltrain, J.B.; Hayes, M.G. & O'Rourke, D.H. (2004): Sealing, whaling and caribou: the skeletal isotope chemistry of Eastern Arctic foragers. – Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 31/1: 39-57.

Ellis, R. (1993): Mensch und Wal : Die Geschichte eines ungleichen Kampfes. – Droemer Knaur (Orig.: Men and whales; Übersetzung aus dem Amerik. von Siegfried Schmitz, Renate und Ernö Zeltner), 478 pp.; München.

Ellis, R. (1991): Men and Whales. – Alfred A. Knopf Ltd., 1st ed., 542 pp.; New York.

Evans, P.G.H. (1987): The Natural History of Whales and Dolphins. – Christopher Helm, 343 pp.; London.

Prickett, N. (2002): The Archaeology of New Zealand Shore Whaling. – Department of Conservation; Wellington.

Slijper, E.J. (1962): Whales. – Hutchinson, 475 pp.; London.

Smeenk, C. (1997): Strandings of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus in the North Sea: history and patterns. – In: Jacques, T.G. & Lambertsen, R.H. (eds): Sperm whale deaths in the North Sea : Science and Management. – Bulletin de l’Institut royal des sciences naturelles de Belgique, 67-suppl.: 15-28; Bruxelles.

Tønnessen, J.N. & Johnsen, A.O. (1982): The History of Modern Whaling. – Univ. California Press, 798 pp., 112 figs, 71 tabs; Berkeley and Los Angeles.











by-catches

Balazs, G.H. (1982): Driftnets catch leatherback turtles. – Oryx, 16(5): 428-430.

Borges, T.C.; Erzini, K.; Bentes, L.; Costa, M.E.; Gonçalves, J.; Lino, P.G.; Pais. C. & Ribeiro, J. (2001): By-catch discarding practices in five Algarve (southern Portugal) métiers. – Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 17: 104–114.

Castro, M.; Araújo, P. & Monteiro, P. (2005): Fate of discards from deep water crustacean trawl fishery off the south coast of Portugal. – New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 39: 437-446.

Clausen, B. (1990): Health status and by-catch of harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in Danish waters. – Int. Whal. Commn-Sci. Ctee., SC/42/SM55.

Clausen, B. & Anderson, S. (1988): Evaluation of bycatch and health status of the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in Danish waters. – Dan. Rev. Game Biol., 13/5: 1-20.

Eckert, K.L. & Lunginbuhle, C. (1988): Death of a giant. – Marine Turtle Newsletter, 43: 1-3.

Fontaine, P.-M.; Barette, C.; Hammill, M.O. & Kingsley, M.C.S. (1994): Incidental catches of harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence River Estuary, QuÈbec, Canada. – In: Perrin, W.F.; Donovan, G.P. & Barlow, J. (eds): Gillnets and cetaceans. – International Whaling Commission, Report of the International Whaling Commission, Special issue, 15: 159-163; Cambridge.

Knieriem, A. (1997): Vergleichende histopathologische Untersuchungen an Atlantischen Weißseitendelphinen. Ein Beitrag zur Todesursache von Delphinen beim sogenannten Beifang. – Berlin, Freie Univ.; Diss., 153 pp.

Le Boeuf, B.J.; Perez-Cortez, H.M.; Urban, R.J.; Mate, B.R. & Ollervides, F.U. (2000): High gray whale mortality and low recruitment in 1999: potential causes and implications. – J. Cetacean Res. Manage., 2(2): 85-99.

López, A.; Santos, M.B.; Pierce, G.J.; González, A.F.; Valeiras, X. & Guerra, A. (2002): Trends in strandings and by-catch of marine mammals in northwest Spain during the 1990s. – J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 82, 3916/1-9.

Monteiro, P.A.; Araujo, A.; Erzini, K.; Castro, M. (2001): Discards of the Algarve (southern Portugal) crustacean trawl fishery. – Hydrobiologia, 449: 267–277.

Moreno, P. (1993): Interactions of the German Fisheries with small Cetaceans in the North Sea: a preliminary survey. – A report to World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Umweltstiftung WWF-Deutschland, Fachbereich Meere und Küsten, 87 pp.; Bremen.

Morton, B. (2003): Observations on the feeding behaviour of Nassarius clarus (Gastropoda : Nassariidae) in Shark Bay, Western Australia. – Molluscan Research, 23: 239-249.

Morton, B. & Chan, K. (2004): The Population Dynamics of Nassarius festivus (Gastropoda: Nassariidae) on three Environmentally Different Beaches in Hong Kong. – Journal of Molluscan Studies, Vol. 70, No. 4: 329-339.

Stede, M. (1994): Zur Todesursache bei Walen der niedersächsischen Nordseeküste. – Drosera, 94: 7-19.

Wetherall, J.A.; Balazs, G.H.; Tokunaga, R.A. & Yong, M.Y.Y. (1993): Bycatch of marine turtles in North Pacific high-seas driftnet fisheries and impacts on the stocks. – Bulletin of the North Pacific Commission, 53: 519-538.








other

Bozzano, A. & Sardà, F. (2002): Fishery discard consumption rate and scavenging activity in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: 15–28.

Britton, J.C. & Morton, B. (1994): Marine carrion and scavengers. – Oceanogr., Mar. Biol. A. Rev., 32: 369-434.

Butman, C.A.; Carlton, J.T. & Palumbi, S.R. (1995): Whaling effects on deep-sea biodiversity. – Conservation Biology, 9: 462–464.

Chan, K. & Morton, B. (1997): The tolerance of Hong Kong species of Nassariidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) to Anoxia and Starvation. – In: Morton, B. (ed.): Proceedings of the Eighth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China, pp.: 489-502; Hong Kong.

Ehlen, J.; Haneberg, W.C. & Larson, R.A. (eds, 2005): Humans as Geologic Agents. – Geological Society of America, Reviews in Engineering Geology, XVI, 158 pp.

Houser, D.S.; Howard, R. & Ridgway, S. (2001): Can Diving-induced Tissue Nitrogen Supersaturation Increase the Chance of Acoustically Driven Bubble Growth in Marine Mammals? – J. theor. Biol., 213: 183-195.

Jepson, P.D.; Arbelo, M.; Deaville, R.; Patterson, I.A.P.; Castro, P.; Baker, J.R.; Degollada, E.; Ross, H.M.; Herráez, P.; Pocknell, A.M.; Rodríguez; Howie, F.E.; Espinosa, A.; Reid, R.J.; Jaber, J.R.; Martin, V.; Cunningham, A.A. & Fernández (2003): Gas-bubble lesions in stranded cetaceans. – Nature, Vol. 425: 575. Leung, K.F. & Morton, B. (2000): The 1998 Resurvey of the Subtidal Molluscan Community of the Southeastern Waters of Hong Kong, six years after Dredging began and three since it ended. – In: Morton, B. (ed.): Proceedings of the Tenth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China, pp.: 553-617; Hong Kong.

Leung, K.F. & Morton, B. (1997): The Impacts of Dredging on the Epibenthic Molluscan Community of the Southeastern Waters of Hong Kong : A Comparison of the 1992 and 1995 Trawl Programmes. – In: Morton, B. (ed.): Proceedings of the Eighth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China, pp.: 401-430, Appendix 1-4; Hong Kong.

Morton, B. (2005): Editorial : Our resilent seas and shores. – Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 1147-1148.

Morton, B. (2003): Editorial : Slaughter at sea. – Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46: 379-380.

Morton, B. & Chan, K. (2004): The Population Dynamics of Nassarius festivus (Gastropoda: Nassariidae) on three Environmentally Different Beaches in Hong Kong. – Journal of Molluscan Studies, Vol. 70, No. 4: 329-339.

Simmonds, M.P.; Dolman, S. & Weilgart, L. (eds, 2003): Oceans of Noise : A WDCS Science Report. – Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS), 164 pp.

Simmonds, M.P. & Lopez-Jurado, L.F. (1991): Whales and the military. – Nature, 351: 448.

Stevens, J.D.; Bonfil, R.; Dulvy, N.K. & Walker, P.A. (2000): The effects of fishing on sharks, rays, and chimaeras (chondrichthyans), and the implications for marine ecosystems. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57: 476–494.